Process by which food is manufactured in plants?

Question: Process by which food is manufactured in plants?

The process by which food is manufactured in plants is called photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process by which green plants, algae, and some bacteria convert light energy from the sun into chemical energy in the form of glucose.

During photosynthesis, carbon dioxide (CO2) is taken in from the air through small pores called stomata, and water (H2O) is absorbed from the soil through the plant roots. In the presence of sunlight and the green pigment chlorophyll, these raw materials are converted into glucose (C6H12O6) and oxygen (O2).

The chemical equation for photosynthesis can be expressed as follows:

6CO2 + 6H2O + light energy → C6H12O6 + 6O2

The glucose produced by photosynthesis is used by the plant as a source of energy for cellular respiration, growth, and other metabolic processes. Oxygen, which is a byproduct of photosynthesis, is released into the atmosphere as a waste product.

Photosynthesis is essential for life on Earth, as it provides the basis for the food chain and is responsible for the production of the oxygen we breathe.

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