# Explain energy distribution spectrum of a black body radiation in terms of wavelength.

**Question: Explain energy distribution spectrum of a black body radiation in terms of wavelength.**

Certainly! Let's delve into the fascinating world of **black body radiation** and explore its energy distribution spectrum in terms of wavelength.

A black body is an idealized object that absorbs all incident radiation and emits radiation at all wavelengths. When we heat a black body, it emits thermal radiation. The energy distribution of this radiation depends on the temperature of the black body.

Here are the key points about black body radiation:

**1. Planck's Law:**

- Planck's Law describes the spectral energy density of blackbody radiation at each wavelength (Eλ) for a given absolute temperature (T).

- The graph between energy emitted and wavelength is called the spectrum of black body radiation.

- As the temperature increases, the peak wavelength (λmax) decreases.

- The intensity (or flux) at all wavelengths increases with temperature.

- The total energy emitted per second per unit area by the black body is represented by the area under the curve.

2. Wien's Displacement Law:

- This law states that the frequency of the peak emission (fmax) increases linearly with absolute temperature (T).

- As the temperature rises, the wavelength at which maximum intensity occurs shifts toward shorter wavelengths.

**3. Stefan–Boltzmann Law:**

- This law relates the total energy emitted (E) to the absolute temperature (T).

- The total energy radiated increases rapidly with temperature.

- Mathematically, E ∝ T^4.

**4. Complex Shape of Blackbody Radiation Curves:**

- The curves representing blackbody radiation have a complex shape, as described by Planck's Law.

- Each curve corresponds to a specific peak wavelength, and vice versa.

- Although intensity may be low at very short or long wavelengths, theoretically, energy is emitted at all wavelengths above absolute zero.

Remember that blackbody radiation is a fundamental concept in physics and has applications in fields such as astrophysics, thermodynamics, and quantum mechanics. Understanding its behavior helps us explain phenomena like stars' spectra and cosmic microwave background radiation.

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