Distinguish intramolecular forces of attraction and intermolecular of attraction?


Question: Distinguish intramolecular forces of attraction and intermolecular of attraction?

Intramolecular forces of attraction refer to the forces that hold atoms together within a molecule or compound. These forces are typically much stronger than intermolecular forces of attraction and include covalent bonds, metallic bonds, and ionic bonds. Covalent bonds involve the sharing of electrons between atoms, while metallic bonds involve a sea of delocalized electrons that bind metal ions together. Ionic bonds involve the transfer of electrons between atoms, resulting in the formation of positively and negatively charged ions that are held together by electrostatic forces.


In contrast, intermolecular forces of attraction refer to the forces that exist between molecules or compounds. These forces are much weaker than intramolecular forces and include dipole-dipole forces, hydrogen bonding, and van der Waals forces. Dipole-dipole forces occur between polar molecules, where the positive end of one molecule is attracted to the negative end of another. Hydrogen bonding occurs between molecules that contain hydrogen bonded to nitrogen, oxygen, or fluorine atoms. Van der Waals forces are weak attractive forces that occur between all molecules and arise from the temporary fluctuations in electron density that occur within the molecules.

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