Explain land use pattern in india and why has the land under forest not increased much since 1960 to 61?

Question: Explain land use pattern in india and why has the land under forest not increased much since 1960 to 61?

The land use pattern in India is characterized by a diverse range of land uses, including agricultural land, forest land, urban land, wasteland, and other uses. Agriculture is the main land use in India, accounting for more than half of the total land area. Forest land comprises around 22% of the total land area, while urban land has been rapidly increasing due to the country's rapid urbanization.

However, the land under forests in India has not increased much since 1960-61 due to various reasons. One of the main reasons is the increasing population pressure and demand for land for agriculture, urbanization, industrialization, and other developmental activities. This has led to deforestation and encroachment of forest lands, resulting in a decline in forest cover.

In addition to this, forest fires, illegal logging, mining, and other natural disasters have also contributed to the decline in forest cover. The lack of effective forest conservation policies, poor enforcement of forest laws, and inadequate resources for forest management have also been significant factors contributing to the decrease in forest area.

To address the issue of declining forest cover, India has launched various initiatives such as the National Afforestation Programme, Forest Conservation Act, Joint Forest Management, and Community Forest Management. These initiatives aim to promote afforestation, forest conservation, and sustainable forest management practices. While some progress has been made, India still faces significant challenges in conserving and expanding its forest cover, given the competing demands for land and resources.

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