State archimedes principle and explain it with example?

Question: State archimedes principle and explain it with example?

Archimedes' principle states that an object submerged in a fluid experiences an upward buoyant force that is equal in magnitude to the weight of the displaced fluid. In other words, the buoyant force exerted on an object is equal to the weight of the fluid that the object displaces.

For example, if a piece of iron with a weight of 10 N is placed in water, the iron will displace a certain volume of water equal to its own volume. If the weight of the displaced water is 8 N, then the iron will experience an upward buoyant force of 8 N, which is equal to the weight of the water displaced. This buoyant force reduces the apparent weight of the iron to 2 N while it is submerged in water.

Archimedes' principle explains why objects with a density less than that of the fluid in which they are submerged will float, while objects with a density greater than the fluid will sink. For example, a wooden block floats on water because its density is less than that of water, while a rock sinks because its density is greater than that of water. This principle is important in fields such as ship design, where it is used to determine the buoyancy of a vessel, and in the design of submarines and other underwater vehicles.

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