Describe the composition powers and functions of the supreme court of india?


Question: Describe the composition powers and functions of the supreme court of india?

The Supreme Court of India, established on January 28, 1950, serves as the apex judicial body in India and is the final court of appeal. It consists of the Chief Justice of India and a maximum of 34 judges, appointed by the President of India. The Court's powers are extensive, including original, appellate, and advisory jurisdictions. Under its original jurisdiction, the Court adjudicates disputes between states or between the states and the central government. In its appellate role, it hears appeals against the decisions of lower courts. The Court also has the power to review its own judgments. As part of its advisory functions, the Supreme Court can provide non-binding advice to the President on matters of public importance or interpretation of the Constitution. The Court's decisions are binding on all lower courts in India, ensuring a uniform interpretation of laws throughout the country.

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