Describe the role of smooth muscle in two human body systems other than the cardiovascular system.


Question: Describe the role of smooth muscle in two human body systems other than the cardiovascular system.

Smooth muscle plays a crucial role in the functioning of various human body systems. In the digestive system, smooth muscle is responsible for the peristalsis that propels food through the gastrointestinal tract. This involuntary control ensures that digestion occurs efficiently, allowing for proper nutrient absorption and waste elimination. Similarly, in the respiratory system, smooth muscle contributes to the regulation of airway constriction and dilation. This is vital for controlling airflow to the lungs and maintaining respiratory efficiency, which is essential for gas exchange and maintaining homeostasis.


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