What are the main causes of water scarcity class 10?

Question: What are the main causes of water scarcity class 10?

Water scarcity, a critical issue faced globally, is primarily due to over-exploitation and excessive use of water resources. Unequal access to water among different social groups further exacerbates the problem. Factors such as variations in annual precipitation and seasonal changes affect the availability of water over time and space. The growing population demands more water for personal use and food production, leading to overuse during dry seasons and expansion of irrigated areas. Industrialization and urbanization also put pressure on freshwater resources, with industries consuming large amounts of water and urban areas often depleting groundwater through extensive pumping. Pollution from fertilizers, pesticides, and industrial waste contaminates water, rendering it unusable even when it is available. These causes of water scarcity are interconnected and require comprehensive management and conservation strategies to ensure sustainable water availability for all.

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