Describe the causes and impacts of each earthquake?

Question: Describe the causes and impacts of each earthquake?

Earthquakes are a natural phenomenon primarily caused by the sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust, creating seismic waves. This release of energy usually occurs when rock masses, which are under strain, fracture and 'slip' along fault lines. The Earth's crust is divided into tectonic plates that float on a semi-fluid layer beneath them, and earthquakes often occur at the boundaries where these plates interact through collision or sliding past each other. The impacts of earthquakes can be profound and far-reaching, including loss of life, destruction of infrastructure, and significant economic costs. In areas of habitation, strong earthquakes can lead to building collapse, landslides, tsunamis, and other secondary effects that compound the disaster's impact. Understanding the causes and effects of earthquakes is crucial for developing effective disaster preparedness and mitigation strategies, which can help minimize the risks associated with such events.

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