Discuss the indian scenario for population explosion?

Question: Discuss the indian scenario for population explosion?

India's population dynamics have been a subject of intense study and discussion over the years. The term 'population explosion' has often been used to describe the rapid growth of India's population during the 20th century. However, recent trends indicate a significant shift. The country's growth rate has declined, attributed to factors such as increased urbanization, improved education levels, particularly among women, and poverty alleviation efforts. Despite a slower growth rate, India's population is still expanding and is projected to surpass China's by 2027, with both countries expected to reach around 1.46 billion people. The United Nations estimates that India will reach its peak population of approximately 1.65 billion by 2060 before it begins to decline. This change in growth patterns is partly due to a decrease in the fertility rate, which dropped from 6 children per woman in the 1960s to 2.0 in the period from 2019 to 2021. The demographic shift presents both challenges and opportunities for India, as a younger population could mean a more dynamic workforce, but it also requires careful planning in terms of resource management and infrastructure development to ensure sustainable growth.

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