What are the classification of a tropical cyclone describe each?


Question: What are the classification of a tropical cyclone describe each?

Tropical cyclones are classified based on their maximum sustained wind speeds. The initial stage is known as a "tropical depression," which has maximum sustained winds of 38 mph (61 km/h) or less. When these winds increase to at least 39 mph (63 km/h), the system is upgraded to a "tropical storm" and it is given a name. If the winds reach 74 mph (119 km/h), the storm is classified differently depending on the region: it's called a "hurricane" in the North Atlantic and Northeast Pacific east of the dateline; a "typhoon" in the Northwest Pacific west of the dateline; a "severe tropical cyclone" in the Southwest Pacific west of 160°E or Southeast Indian Ocean east of 90°E; a "severe cyclonic storm" in the North Indian Ocean; and simply a "tropical cyclone" in the Southwest Indian Ocean. The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale further categorizes hurricanes into five categories, from 1 to 5, based on their wind speed, with Category 5 being the strongest.

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