What are the characteristics of equilibrium constant?

Question: What are the characteristics of equilibrium constant?

The equilibrium constant is a fundamental concept in chemistry that quantifies the ratio of product concentrations to reactant concentrations at equilibrium, each raised to the power of their respective stoichiometric coefficients. It has a specific value for each reaction at a given temperature, indicating the extent of the reaction when it has reached equilibrium. This value is independent of the initial concentrations of reactants and products. It's important to note that the equilibrium constant is affected by temperature changes; however, the presence of a catalyst does not alter its value, as catalysts equally accelerate both the forward and reverse reactions. For gas-phase reactions, the equilibrium constant can be expressed in terms of partial pressures, denoted as Kp, while for reactions in solution, it is expressed in terms of molar concentrations, denoted as Kc. Understanding these characteristics is crucial for predicting the direction and extent of chemical reactions under various conditions.

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