Briefly explain the main principles behind restorative justice?

Question: Briefly explain the main principles behind restorative justice?

Restorative justice is a theory of justice that emphasizes repairing the harm caused by criminal behavior. It operates on several foundational principles. Firstly, crime is seen as a violation of people and relationships, rather than just a violation of the law. This perspective shifts the focus from punishment to the restoration of relationships between the victim, the offender, and the community. Secondly, restorative justice involves the victims, offenders, and community members as key stakeholders in the justice process. It seeks to provide healing for the victim, accountability and opportunities for rehabilitation for the offender, and a chance for the community to mend its social fabric. Thirdly, the process of restorative justice is inclusive, aiming to create a dialogue where all parties affected by the crime can participate in finding a resolution. This often involves a facilitated meeting known as an 'encounter', where the harm can be acknowledged, and the needs of the victim can be addressed. The ultimate goals are to repair relationships, address the root causes of crime, and transform the lives of both victims and offenders.

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